Laws

Guidance on Prosecuting cases of Child Abuse – A link to the Crown Prosecution Services guidelines.

Every Child Matters 2004 – Outlines the government plan for each child to fulfill their potential through a network of shared responsibilities.

Safeguarding Children as Victims and Witnesses – guidance in dealing with cases that involve children and young people as victims and witnesses, bound by the Rights of the Child (U.N. Convention, 1990).

Sexual Offences Act 2003 – Legislation detailing sexual acts and ages.

Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill 2000 – Details the Abuse of Positions of Trust.

Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010 -Organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.

Children’s Act 2004 – This Act’s ultimate purpose is to make the UK better and safer for children of all ages, also specifically provided for including and affecting disabled children.

What To Do If You’re Worried a Child Is being Abused 2006 – information for anyone whose work brings them into contact with children and families. Also contains an appendix to help practitioners with the legal issues affecting the sharing of information.

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (Update 2012) – It sets out in detail what every child needs to have a safe, happy and fulfilled childhood regardless of their sex, religion, social origin, and where and to whom they were born.

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Legislation covering child protection can be divided into two main categories: civil law and criminal law.

– Civil law is divided into public and private law. Public law puts in place systems and processes in order to minimise the risk of children coming to harm and lays out what action should be taken if children are at risk. Private law deals with family proceedings such as divorce and contact.

– Criminal law deals with people who have offended or are at risk of offending against children.

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